One of the more fascinating theories that I enjoy thinking about in relationship to safety is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
I realize that I just cited Wikipedia, but it does give a good overview of the process. So, I’m going to let that one ride.
Basically, Maslow says there is a pyramid of needs and that until someone fulfills the bottom most need, they cannot progress to the next one. Once that one is also filled, one could progress to the next one in line until an individual reaches the top.
The bottom most tier is the basic/primal needs where the higher-level ones are more advanced.
To Summarize the needs:
Physiological: Primal needs such as eating, sleeping, clothing, shelter
Safety: Personal, financial, etc. What makes someone feel secure in their element
Love: Family & Friends
Self Actualization: The highest progression of needs. Self awareness.
In other words: one cannot feel safe until their basic needs are met. One cannot love until they feel safe, etc. etc.
My thoughts on this theory: Can it be applied to occupational safety? Are there needs in the workplace that are or are not being met that create unnecessary risk taking that could lead to an injury? How are those needs fulfilled?
This theory of needs is a way of looking at a workplace and the people in it to see where they are on the needs scale and possibly predict their attitude or aptitude toward safety. The idea of needs based safety could be the basic root cause of unsafe behaviors in the workplace.
So, what are the hierarchy of safety needs?
Physiological: Inherent to the theory. If you are concerned about workplace safety, then the job itself is providing this need through employment.
Safety: This is the company’s commitment to safety through policies, procedures, investments, and accountability
Love: Love for self and concern for personal safety
Esteem: Concern for not only one’s self, but the team
Self Actualization: Where the team is empowered to make safety their own and progress the programs and processes through continuous improvement.
There is an element of social contact interwoven to this process. The company has an inherent responsibility to provide a safe workplace, and the employees have the responsibility to follow those programs. Based on the needs, though, the company has to make the first move to meet that need of safety through their safety programs and processes.
In my next entry, I will go into more detail on the “safety” portion of the needs pyramid.